Author : Adhra P.P., Razanath Beevi S. A. and Jisha K.C.
Page No : 60-65
Soil salinity is a major threat to agriculture. It significantly reduces the yield of many crops including rice. Since rice is the staple food of Asia, its reduction in the yield directly reflects in the human society. The present study was a comparison of NaCl stress tolerance potential of three rice varieties. Among the three rice varieties, one was a traditional variety (Chitteni) and other two were hybrid varieties (Aathira and Jyothi). The seeds of all the three varieties were allowed to germinate in various concentrations of NaCl and the growth attributes of the seedlings (germination percentage, shoot length, fresh and dry weight, dry weight percentage and moisture content percentage) were measured. At higher concentration of NaCl, the seedlings showed reduction in shoot length, fresh weight, dry weight etc. The NaCl concentration at which the seedlings showed 50% growth retardation was taken as the maximum NaCl stress tolerance potential of the variety. It was observed that the traditional rice variety Chitteni showed more NaCl stress tolerance potential as compared to the hybrid varieties. Thus from the results of the study it can be inferred that the traditional rice variety Chitteni can be used for salinity stress tolerance breeding purposes due to its higher NaCl stress tolerance potential.
Author : Gincy P. Kuriakose and T. R. Muralikrishnan
Page No : 55-59
predicament of contemporary women, who has an identity tag of the educated, productive class; yet rejected by the male dominated society unwilling to accommodate the woman into the mainstream. The novel is also interplay of two parallel stories where one is about the conveniences of man and the other is about the inconveniences of woman in a patriarchal society. The novel mocks at the institution of marriage imposed by the patriarchal society to regulate the sexual desires of human.Marriage turns out to be the destiny for both man and woman by the patriarchal society to hold it from disintegration. The novel celebrates the idea of live-in relationships where the question of commitment and fidelity is irrelevant, rather it ensures liberty for the individual. Even today there is a stark contrast in being a woman against being a man. The society has accepted the capability of productivity of woman along with her capacity of reproduction but has not ceased the exploitation on the basis of gender at multiple levels. The idea of home as a safer place for womanis challenged from centuries till date; she is tortured and harassed inside, at the same time, the patriarchal conventions eloquently cautions on the dangers waiting outside to reinforce the confinement. Woman is treated as yet another mythical piece of precious property owning which a man could be proud of his possession. Many a time the interpretation of her freedom and independence is disgusting; in fact it is another form of subjugation in disguise
Conservation and Monitoring of Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) and Malabar Pied Hornbill (Anthracoceros coronatus) with the involvement of endemic Kadar tribe in the Vazhachal Forest Division, Anamalai part of southern Western Ghats, Kerala, India
Author : Amitha Bachan K.H and Fasila P.K
Page No : 66-69
The paper describes shortly on the Kadar traibal community baased conservation of Hornbill Nests in the Vazhachal Forest Division since 2005
Author : Muhamed Sherif K
Page No : 70-80
Dragonflies and damselflies, which come Dunder the order Odonata are some of the most attractive insects found in nature. They can be commonly seen in the vicinity of different freshwater habitats such as rivers, streams, lakes, ponds and other wetland ecosystems. Being a mega diversity country. A total of 32 genera and 8 families were recorded from Chalavar, Pallakad District during the study. Of the 45 species documented, 16 are of the suborder Zygoptera and 29 belong to the suborder Anisoptera. Family Libellulidae has the highest representation in terms of species with a total of 26 species followed by Coenagrionidae with a total of 10 species